BCB released its quarterly inflation forecast.
Yesterday, the Brazilian central bank (BCB) released its quarterly inflation report and updated its inflation and growth forecast. The BCB’s 2016 inflation forecast was revised higher to 6.9%, compared to 6.6% in the March report. However, the central bank now expects inflation to rise 4.7% by year-end 2017, compared to 4.9% in the previous report. On the growth side, the institution revised higher its GDP forecast, seeing now a contraction of only -3.3% in 2016 compared to -3.5% three months earlier.
All in all, the central bank has not yet won its struggle against rampant inflation as it struggles to bring it back within the 2.5% to 4.5% target band. However, Ilan Goldfajn, the BCB’s new Governor, appeared confident that the central bank would be able to lower inflation to the centre of the official target range at 4.5% by the second half of 2018. He stated, during the press conference, that this goal “is both ambitious and credible”. The governor also added that the success of the bank’s monetary policy will largely depend on the implementation of fiscal and economic adjustments.
For now, the BCB has the market’s trust, thanks to Goldfajn’s predecessor, Alexandre Tombini, who fought to restore the bank’s credibility. The market is expecting inflation to reach 7.29% by year-end and does not expect any cut in the Selic this year – currently at 13.25%., according to the results of the weekly economic survey released on Monday.
The Brazilian real recovered strongly in São Paulo yesterday on the prospect of a longer period of low interest rate in the US and across the globe. Risky assets such as equities rallied strongly, while EM currencies strengthen. With the Fed almost surely sidelined until the end of the year, investors will start paying more attention to local developments in Brazil. Therefore, developments in the political landscape will likely trigger short-term reactions in the FX and rate market again. USD/BRL eased to 3.3032 yesterday, the lowest level since July last year, and should continue to do so as Brexit fears continue to ease.
Fraught European banks bearing the brunt of Brexit uncertainty.
Banks have definitely been the biggest losers since the Brexit vote. Other than British banks, European banks are still in the eye of the storm. Some German and many Italian banks have experienced sharp declines in their market capital since the vote. Deutsche Bank and Commerzbank took a beating on Friday but not as much as UniCredit, which has so far lost around 30%. Some banks lost due to their heavy involvement and presence in the UK, while for others it is a direct result of the growing uncertainty surrounding the future of the EU.
Even if it remains an unlikely prospect at the moment we believe that the market has already begun to price in a potential dislocation of the EU. This is particularly true for Italy, where the ongoing underlying difficulties faced by its banking sector would not be sustainable without EU support. The true nature of the Italian banking system risks being exposed, revealing that it may in fact be bankrupt. For the time being, a bailout from the EU seems absolutely necessary.
Italian banks are far from being the only ones to suffer. German banks are also facing major difficulties. Over the last few days, George Soros took a massive bet against Deutsche Bank as did some hedge funds. As a result, the ongoing market uncertainties are reflected by the banks share price and we believe that further stimulus will be added by the ECB in an attempt to mitigate these uncertainties. For the foreseeable future the currency war will rage on spelling eventual upside pressures for the Swiss franc.